|This is the dog... Rest in Peace you beautiful girl.|
I want to start this article by saying that Prevention is the best medicine in the case of parasites of all types. Do not wait for a tick to bite. If a tick has bitten, it has already infected your dog. With the many types of preventatives and repellents, keeping our dogs and cats parasite free is made easier. What is out there?
1- Flea/Tick collars- Hartz etc., New long-term flea/tick collars
2- Flea/Tick Repel Shampoos- Hartz etc.
3- Internal preventatives- Comfortis, Heartguard, Interceptor, Trifexis
4- External preventatives- Frontline, Advantix...
5- Flea/Tick Sprays and "Bombs"
One could use more than one of these products for increased protection. Talk to your Veterinarian about Flea/Tick (and other parasites) protection for your animal.
Flea and Tick-Borne Diseases in Dogs: Preventable Risks
Flea Life Cycle by:
TYPES OF TICKS
Photographs of Ticks from:
American Dog Tick- AKA Dog Tick, Wood Tick
Diseases related to the American Dog Tick are: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tuleremia, Human Granulocytic Erlichiosis
Brown Dog Tick
Deer Tick- AKA the European Wood Tick AKA Sheep Tick, Western Black Legged tick AKA Bear Tick, Black Legged Tick AKA Deer Tick
Diseases related to the Deer Tick: Lyme Disease, Babesiosis, Erlichiosis/Anaplasmosis.
Gulf Coast Tick-
Rocky Mountain Tick- Diseases related to this tick: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tuleremia, Colorado Tick Fever, Major cause of Tick paralysis.
Lone Star Tick- AKA Seed Tick
Diseases related to the Lone Star Tick are: Tuleremia, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Southern Tick Assisted Rash Illness (STARI)
Named Lone Star for the white spot or star on the center of the back of the female.
1) Lyme Disease (Borreliosis)- spread by the Deer & Dog Ticks,
2) Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever- a bacteria spread by flea & tick bites,
4) Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
5) Tick Paralysis- spread by the Rocky Mountain Wood Tick & the American Dog Tick,
6) Canine Erlichiosis/Anaplasmosis- spread by the Brown Dog Tick, Deer Tick
7) Babesiosis- Spread by the Brown Dog & American Dog Ticks
8) Tapeworms- spread by fleas,
9) Canine Bartonella- a Parasite spread by fleas & ticks,
DEFINITIONS OF KEY WORDS:
Red blood cells- Erythrocyte
White blood cells- Leucocyte
An organism which lives in or on another organism (it's host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the other's (host) expense.
Bacterium- Singular form of Bacteria.
Heartworms in the Pulmonary Artery of a dog.
Photograph of Heartworms from:
Before you use more than one preventative on your pet, check with your animal's vet. Some animals are chemical sensitive and may need to use one very specific type of flea/tick/worm remedy.
Some collie-type breeds are sensitive (it is caused by a genetic mutation) to products with Ivermectin (a widely used Heartworm remedy) in them. Before you know if this includes your collie-type dog, use an alternative. There is a blood test that can be taken to tell if your dog carries that affected (collie-type) gene. Death can occur if your collie-type dog ingests Ivermectin or products containing Ivermectin. (Collies, Shelties, Border Collies, Kelpies, Australian Shepherds)
The Resources I used:
If you want to know more, the above links may help you!